Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Abscess


Related Terms

  • Abscesses
  • Bartholin Abscess
  • Boils
  • Carbuncles
  • Furuncles
  • Pilonidal Abscess
  • Pustules

Differential Diagnosis

Specialists

  • Dermatologist
  • General Surgeon
  • Infectious Disease Internist
  • Internal Medicine Physician
  • Oral/Maxillofacial Surgeon

Comorbid Conditions

  • Alcoholism
  • Cancer
  • Compromised immune system
  • Diabetes
  • Impaired circulation
  • Kidney disease

Factors Influencing Duration

Length of disability may be influenced by the type and location of the abscess, the individual's age and health status, timeliness of intervention, whether surgical or percutaneous drainage was performed, and response to treatment.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
006.3 - Amebic Liver Abscess; Hepatic Amebiasis
006.4 - Amebic Lung Abscess; Amebic Abscess of Lung, Liver
013.3 - Tuberculous Abscess of Brain
013.5 - Tuberculous Abscess of Spinal Cord
017.2 - Tuberculosis of Peripheral Lymph Nodes; Scrofula; Scrofulous Abscess; Tuberculous adenitis
254.1 - Abscess of Thymus
289.59 - Diseases of Spleen, Other; Lien Migrans; Perisplenitis; Splenic Abscess, Atrophy, Cyst, Fibrosis, Infarction, Rupture, Nontraumatic; Splenitis; Wandering Spleen
324 - Abscess, Intracranial and Intraspinal
324.0 - Intracranial Abscess; Abscess (Embolic): Cerebellar, Cerebral; Abscess (Embolic) of Brain [Any Part]: Epidural, Extradural, Otogenic, Subdural
324.1 - Intraspinal Abscess; Abscess (Embolic) of Spinal Cord [Any Part]: Epidural; Extradural; Subdural
326 - Late Effects of Intracranial Abscess or Pyogenic Infection
360.04 - Vitreous Abscess
370.55 - Interstitial and Deep Keratitis; Corneal Abscess
373.13 - Abscess of Eyelid; Furuncle of Eyelid
376.01 - Orbital Cellulitis; Abscess of Orbit
379.09 - Scleritis and Episcleritis, Other; Scleral Abscess
383.01 - Subperiosteal Abscess of Mastoid
475 - Peritonsillar Abscess
478.24 - Retropharyngeal Abscess
478.29 - Diseases of Pharynx, Other, Not Elsewhere Classified, Other; Abscess of Pharynx or Nasopharynx
478.79 - Abscess, Larynx
513 - Abscess of Lung and Mediastinum
513.0 - Abscess of Lung
513.1 - Abscess of Mediastinum
522.5 - Periapical Abscess without Sinus
522.7 - Periapical Abscess with Sinus
527.3 - Diseases of the Salivary Glands; Abscess
528.5 - Diseases of Lips; Abscess of Lip(s); Cellulitis of Lip(s); Fistula of Lip(s); Hypertrophy of Lip(s), Angular; Cheilodynia; Cheilosis
529.0 - Glossitis; Abscess of Tongue; Ulceration (Traumatic) of Tongue
540.1 - Appendicitis, Acute with Peritoneal Abscess
566 - Abscess of Anal and Rectal Regions
567.2 - Abscess, Subdiaphragmatic
569.5 - Abscess of Intestine
572 - Liver Abscess and Sequelae of Chronic Liver Disease
572.0 - Liver Abscess and Sequelae of Chronic Liver Disease, Liver Abscess
590.2 - Renal and Perinephric Abscess; Abscess: Kidney, Nephritic, Perirenal; Carbuncle of Kidney
601.2 - Abscess of Prostate
611.0 - Disorders of Breast, Inflammatory Disease of Breast; Abscess (acute) (chronic) (nonpuerperal) of Breast, Areola; Mammillary Fistula; Mastitis (acute) (subacute) (nonpuerperal) NOS, Infective, Retromammary, Submammary
675.1 - Infections of the Breast and Nipple Associated with Childbirth, Abscess of Breast Associated with Childbirth; Mammary; Subareolar; Submammary
681 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Finger and Toe, Finger
681.0 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Finger
681.00 - Finger, Cellulitis and Abscess, Unspecified
681.01 - Finger, Felon; Pulp abscess; Whitlow
681.1 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Toe
681.10 - Toe, Cellulitis and Abscess, Unspecified
681.9 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Unspecified Digit; Infection of Nail NOS
682 - Other Cellulitis and Abscess; Abscess (Acute) (with Lymphangitis) except Finger or Toe; Cellulitis (Diffuse) (with Lymphangitis) except Finger or Toe
682.0 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Face; Cheek, External; Chin; Forehead; Nose, External; Submandibular; Temple (Region)
682.1 - Cellulitis or Abscess of Neck
682.2 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Trunk; Abdominal Wall; Back [Any Part, except Buttocks]; Breasts; Chest Wall; Flank; Groin; Pectoral Region; Perineum; Umbilicus
682.3 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Upper Arm and Forearm [Any Part, except hand], including Shoulder and Axilla
682.4 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Hand, except Fingers and Thumb; Wrist
682.5 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Buttock; Gluteal Region
682.6 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Leg, Except Foot; Ankle; Hip; Knee; Thigh
682.7 - Cellulitis and Abscess of Foot, Except Toes; Heel
682.8 - Cellulitis and Abscess, Other Specified Sites; Head [except Face]; Scalp
682.9 - Cellulitis and Abscess, Other Unspecified Sites
685.0 - Pilonidal Cyst; Fistula, Coccygeal or Pilonidal; Sinus, Coccygeal or Pilonidal, with Abscess

Treatment

A minor abscess can sometimes heal without intervention; however, abscesses that do not spontaneously open and drain may require surgical incision and drainage. Drugs frequently are necessary to combat infection. Antibiotics are used for bacterial infections, antifungal drugs for fungal infections, and anti-amoebic drugs for amoebic infections. Drainage is performed either through an open surgical procedure or directly through the skin (percutaneous). Following drainage of a superficial or subcutaneous skin abscess, the wound is packed with gauze and left open to drain. Aftercare may include warm soaks or wound irrigation 3 to 4 times daily for 7 to 10 days, or until the wound heals (Doerr).

Breast abscesses smaller than 3 cm are treated with needle aspiration and drainage, followed by antibiotic therapy; larger abscesses may require surgical excision (Miller). Repair of a gastrointestinal defect may involve closure of a perforation, or removal of the appendix. Most spinal abscesses are treated with antibiotic therapy before neurological complications occur, making surgical drainage and removal of the lamina (laminectomy) unnecessary.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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