Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Bunionectomy


Related Terms

  • Keller Operation
  • Mayo Operation
  • McBride Bunionectomy

Specialists

  • Orthopedic (Orthopaedic) Surgeon

Factors Influencing Duration

If both feet require surgical correction (bilateral bunionectomy), the individual's period of disability will be lengthened. Complications such as infection may also affect length of disability.

Individuals who perform tasks while seated may be able to return to work within several days. Individuals who must stand, walk, or drive in the course of their work may require several weeks or longer for recovery.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
77.51 - Bunionectomy with Soft Tissue Correction and Osteotomy of the First Metatarsal
77.52 - Bunionectomy with Soft Tissue Correction and Arthrodesis
77.53 - Other Bunionectomy with Soft Tissue Correction
77.54 - Excision or Correction of Bunionette; That with Osteotomy
77.59 - Other Bunionectomy; Resection of Hallux Valgus Joint with Insertion of Prosthesis

Ability to Work (Return to Work Considerations)

Individuals may be unable to walk for long distances, stand for extended periods, or safely and effectively operate vehicles or machinery for several weeks following surgery. Temporarily modified duty assignments that permit sitting with the affected leg elevated may be a necessary accommodation. Recent studies reveal that individuals who undergo an osteotomy of the first metatarsal on their right foot as part of their bunionectomy require 6 weeks of postoperative healing before being able to brake a vehicle as they normally would in emergency circumstances (Holt). Complete recovery for routine bunionectomy may take 3 to 5 weeks ("Bunion Removal"). Company policy on medication usage should be reviewed to determine if pain medication use is compatible with job safety and function.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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