Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Craniotomy


Related Terms

  • Brain Surgery

Specialists

  • Neurosurgeon

Comorbid Conditions

  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Diabetes
  • HIV/AIDS

Factors Influencing Duration

The underlying reason for the craniotomy and presence of complications will influence length of disability.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
01.24 - Craniotomy, Other; Craniotomy, NOS; Cranial Decompression, Exploration, Trephination; Craniotomy with Removal of Epidural Abscess, Extradural Abscess, or Foreign Body Skull

Rehabilitation

Individuals who undergo craniotomy may require multiple rehabilitation services, depending on the location and reason for the craniotomy.

Physical therapy and occupational therapy may be required. Depending on the areas of the brain affected, therapy can range from general conditioning exercises if the individual is weakened from the surgery to functional skills retraining. Therapy may involve strength, balance, and coordination exercises, as well as instruction in using adaptive devices and special equipment such as a cane or a wheelchair.

Speech therapy may be needed to promote clarity in speech, speech understanding, and swallowing control. Respiratory therapy may be required to decrease lung congestion, particularly if an individual is bedridden for an extended period. Respiratory therapists may perform chest percussion and use positioning and coughing techniques to promote the drainage of fluid/phlegm from the lungs.

Individuals may require counseling by a psychologist or psychiatrist to help them cope with their illness. This may be particularly important if the craniotomy was performed to remove a neoplasm or to drain a brain abscess resulting from a chronic disease such as HIV/AIDS.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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