|Individuals who undergo craniotomy may require multiple rehabilitation services, depending on the location and reason for the craniotomy.|
Physical therapy and occupational therapy may be required. Depending on the areas of the brain affected, therapy can range from general conditioning exercises if the individual is weakened from the surgery to functional skills retraining. Therapy may involve strength, balance, and coordination exercises, as well as instruction in using adaptive devices and special equipment such as a cane or a wheelchair.
Speech therapy may be needed to promote clarity in speech, speech understanding, and swallowing control. Respiratory therapy may be required to decrease lung congestion, particularly if an individual is bedridden for an extended period. Respiratory therapists may perform chest percussion and use positioning and coughing techniques to promote the drainage of fluid/phlegm from the lungs.
Individuals may require counseling by a psychologist or psychiatrist to help them cope with their illness. This may be particularly important if the craniotomy was performed to remove a neoplasm or to drain a brain abscess resulting from a chronic disease such as HIV/AIDS.
Source: Medical Disability Advisor