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Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Pregnancy, Complications


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Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
640.00 - Hemorrhage in Early Pregnancy, Threatened Abortion, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or not Applicable
640.01 - Hemorrhage in Early Pregnancy, Threatened Abortion, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
640.03 - Hemorrhage in Early Pregnancy, Threatened Abortion, Antepartum Condition or Complication
640.80 - Hemorrhage in Early Pregnancy, Other Specified, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
640.81 - Hemorrhage in Early Pregnancy, Other Specified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
640.83 - Hemorrhage in Early Pregnancy, Other Specified, Antepartum Condition or Complication
641.00 - Placenta Previa without Hemorrhage, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or not Applicable
641.01 - Placenta Previa without Hemorrhage, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
641.03 - Placenta Previa without Hemorrhage, Antepartum Condition or Complication
641.10 - Hemorrhage from Placenta Previa, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
641.11 - Hemorrhage from Placenta Previa with Delivery
641.13 - Hemorrhage from Placenta Previa, Antepartum
641.20 - Premature Separation of Placenta, Unspecified
641.21 - Premature Separation of Placenta with Delivery
641.23 - Premature Separation of Placenta, Antepartum
641.30 - Antepartum Hemorrhage Associated with Coagulation Defects, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or not Applicable
641.31 - Antepartum Hemorrhage Associated with Coagulation Defects, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
641.33 - Antepartum Hemorrhage Associated with Coagulation Defects, Antepartum Condition or Complication
641.80 - Other Antepartum Hemorrhage, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
641.81 - Other Antepartum Hemorrhage, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
641.83 - Other Antepartum Hemorrhage, Antepartum Condition or Complication
641.90 - Unspecified Antepartum Hemorrhage, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or not Applicable
641.91 - Unspecified Antepartum Hemorrhage, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
641.93 - Unspecified Antepartum Hemorrhage, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.00 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Benign Essential, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.01 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Benign Essential, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.02 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Benign Essential, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.03 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Benign Essential, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.04 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Benign Essential, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.10 - Hypertension Secondary to Renal Disease Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.11 - Hypertension Secondary to Renal Disease Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.12 - Hypertension Secondary to Renal Disease Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.13 - Hypertension Secondary to Renal Disease Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.14 - Hypertension Secondary to Renal Disease Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.20 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Other Pre-existing, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.21 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Other Pre-existing, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.22 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Other Pre-existing, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.23 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Other Pre-existing, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.24 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium, Other Pre-existing, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.30 - Hypertension of Pregnancy, Transient, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.31 - Hypertension of Pregnancy, Transient, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.32 - Hypertension of Pregnancy, Transient, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.33 - Hypertension of Pregnancy, Transient, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.34 - Hypertension of Pregnancy, Transient, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.40 - Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, Mild or Unspecified, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.41 - Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, Mild or Unspecified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.42 - Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, Mild or Unspecified, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.43 - Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, Mild or Unspecified, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.44 - Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, Mild or Unspecified, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.50 - Preeclampsia, Severe, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.51 - Preeclampsia, Severe, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.52 - Preeclampsia, Severe, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.53 - Preeclampsia, Severe, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.54 - Preeclampsia, Severe, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.60 - Eclampsia, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.61 - Eclampsia, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.62 - Eclampsia, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.63 - Eclampsia, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.64 - Eclampsia, Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.70 - Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia or Superimposed on Pre-existing Hypertension; Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not
642.71 - Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia or Superimposed on Pre-existing Hypertension; Delivered, with Mention or Without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.72 - Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia or Superimposed on Pre-existing Hypertension; Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
642.73 - Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia or Superimposed on Pre-existing Hypertension; Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.74 - Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia or Superimposed on Pre-existing Hypertension; Postpartum Condition or Complication
642.90 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Unspecified, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
642.91 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Unspecified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
642.92 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Unspecified, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
642.93 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Unspecified, Antepartum Condition or Complication
642.94 - Hypertension Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, Unspecified, Postpartum Condition or Complication
643.00 - Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mild; Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mild or Unspecified, Starting Before the End of the 22nd Week of Gestation, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
643.01 - Mild Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Delivered
643.03 - Mild Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Antepartum
643.10 - Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
643.11 - Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
643.13 - Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance, Antepartum
643.20 - Vomiting of Pregnancy, Late, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
643.21 - Vomiting of Pregnancy, Late, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
643.23 - Vomiting of Pregnancy, Late, Antepartum Condition or Complication
643.80 - Vomiting Complicating Pregnancy, Other, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
643.81 - Vomiting Complicating Pregnancy, Other, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
643.83 - Vomiting Complicating Pregnancy, Other, Antepartum Condition or Complication
643.90 - Early or Threatened Labor, Antepartum Condition or Complication
643.91 - Vomiting of Pregnancy, Unspecified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
643.93 - Unspecified Vomiting in Pregnancy; Antepartum Condition or Complication
644.00 - Threatened Premature Labor, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
644.03 - Early or Threatened Labor, Antepartum Condition or Complication
644.10 - Threatened Labor, Other, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
644.13 - Threatened Labor, Other, Antepartum Condition or Complication
644.21 - Early Onset of Delivery, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Conditions
645.10 - Post Term Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
645.11 - Post Term Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
645.13 - Post Term Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
645.20 - Prolonged Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
645.21 - Prolonged Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
645.23 - Prolonged Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.00 - Papyraceous Fetus, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.01 - Papyraceous Fetus, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.03 - Papyraceous Fetus, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.10 - Edema or Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.11 - Edema or Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.12 - Edema or Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
646.13 - Edema or Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.14 - Edema or Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
646.20 - Renal Disease in Pregnancy without Mention of Hypertension, Unspecified, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.21 - Renal Disease in Pregnancy without Mention of Hypertension, Unspecified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.22 - Renal Disease in Pregnancy without Mention of Hypertension, Unspecified, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
646.23 - Renal Disease in Pregnancy without Mention of Hypertension, Unspecified, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.24 - Renal Disease in Pregnancy without Mention of Hypertension, Unspecified Postpartum Condition or Complication
646.30 - Habitual Aborter, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.31 - Habitual Aborter, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.33 - Habitual Aborter, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.40 - Peripheral Neuritis in Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.41 - Peripheral Neuritis in Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.42 - Peripheral Neuritis in Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
646.43 - Peripheral Neuritis in Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.44 - Peripheral Neuritis in Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
646.50 - Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.51 - Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.52 - Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
646.53 - Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.54 - Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
646.60 - Infections of Genitourinary Tract in Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.61 - Infections of Genitourinary Tract in Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.62 - Infections of Genitourinary Tract in Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
646.63 - Infections of Genitourinary Tract in Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
646.64 - Infections of Genitourinary Tract in Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
646.70 - Liver and biliary tract disorders in pregnancy, unspecified as to episode of care or not applicable
646.71 - Liver and biliary tract disorders in pregnancy, delivered, with or without mention of antepartum condition
646.73 - Liver and biliary tract disorders in pregnancy, antepartum condition or complication
646.80 - Other Specified Complications of Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.81 - Other Specified Complications of Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.82 - Other Specified Complications of Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
646.83 - Other Specified Complication, Antepartum
646.84 - Other Specified Complications of Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
646.90 - Complications of Pregnancy, Unspecified, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
646.91 - Complications of Pregnancy, Unspecified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
646.93 - Complications of Pregnancy, Unspecified, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.00 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Syphilis, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.01 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Syphilis, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.02 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Syphilis, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.03 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Syphilis, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.04 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Syphilis, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.10 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Gonorrhea, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.11 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Gonorrhea, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.12 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Gonorrhea, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.13 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Gonorrhea, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.14 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Gonorrhea, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.20 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Venereal Diseases, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.21 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Venereal Diseases, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.22 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Venereal Diseases, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.23 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Venereal Diseases, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.24 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Venereal Diseases, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.30 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Tuberculosis, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.31 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Tuberculosis, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.32 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Tuberculosis, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.33 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Tuberculosis, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.34 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Tuberculosis, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.40 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Malaria, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.41 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Malaria, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.42 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Malaria, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.43 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Malaria, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.44 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Malaria, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.50 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Rubella, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.51 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Rubella, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.52 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Rubella, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.53 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Rubella, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.54 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Rubella, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.60 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Viral Diseases, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.61 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Viral Diseases, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.62 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Viral Diseases, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.63 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Viral Diseases, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.64 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Viral Diseases, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.80 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Specified Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.81 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Specified Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.82 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Specified Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.83 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Specified Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.84 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Other Specified Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Postpartum Condition or Complication
647.90 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified Infection or Infestation, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
647.91 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified Infection or Infestation, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
647.92 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified Infection or Infestation, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
647.93 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified Infection or Infestation, Antepartum Condition or Complication
647.94 - Infectious and Parasitic Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified Infection or Infestation, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.00 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Diabetes Mellitus, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.01 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Diabetes Mellitus, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.02 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Diabetes Mellitus, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.03 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Diabetes Mellitus, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.04 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Diabetes Mellitus, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.10 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Thyroid Dysfunction, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.11 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Thyroid Dysfunction, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.12 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Thyroid Dysfunction, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.13 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Thyroid Dysfunction, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.14 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Thyroid Dysfunction, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.20 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Anemia, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.21 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Anemia, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.22 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Anemia, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.23 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Anemia, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.24 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Anemia, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.30 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Drug Dependence, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.31 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Drug Dependence, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.32 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Drug Dependence, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.33 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Drug Dependence, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.34 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Drug Dependence, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.40 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Mental Disorders, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.41 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Mental Disorders, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.42 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Mental Disorders, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.43 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Mental Disorders, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.44 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Mental Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium; Disorders, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.50 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Congenital Cardiovascular Disorders, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.51 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Congenital Cardiovascular Disorders, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.52 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Congenital Cardiovascular Disorders, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.53 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Congenital Cardiovascular Disorders, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.54 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Congenital Cardiovascular Disorders, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.60 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Cardiovascular Diseases, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.61 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Cardiovascular Diseases, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.62 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Cardiovascular Diseases, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.63 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Cardiovascular Diseases, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.64 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Cardiovascular Diseases, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.70 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Bone and Joint Disorders of Back, Pelvis, and Lower Limbs, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.71 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Bone and Joint Disorders of Back, Pelvis, and Lower Limbs, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.72 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Bone and Joint Disorders of Back, Pelvis, and Lower Limbs, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.73 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Bone and Joint Disorders of Back, Pelvis, and Lower Limbs, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.74 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Bone and Joint Disorders of Back, Pelvis, and Lower Limbs, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.80 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.81 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.82 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.83 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.84 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Postpartum Condition or Complication
648.90 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
648.91 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Current Conditions Classifiable Elsewhere, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
648.92 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Current Conditions Classifiable Elsewhere, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
648.93 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Current Conditions Classifiable Elsewhere, Antepartum Condition or Complication
648.94 - Other Current Conditions in the Mother Classifiable Elsewhere, but Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Other Current Conditions Classifiable Elsewhere, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.00 - Tobacco Use Disorder Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.01 - Tobacco Use Disorder Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.02 - Tobacco Use Disorder Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
649.03 - Tobacco Use Disorder Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.04 - Tobacco Use Disorder Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.10 - Obesity Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.11 - Obesity Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.12 - Obesity Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
649.13 - Obesity Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.14 - Obesity Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.20 - Bariatric Surgery Status Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.21 - Bariatric Surgery Status Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.22 - Bariatric Surgery Status Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
649.23 - Bariatric Surgery Status Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.24 - Bariatric Surgery Status Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.30 - Coagulation Defects Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.31 - Coagulation Defects Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.32 - Coagulation Defects Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
649.33 - Coagulation Defects Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.34 - Coagulation Defects Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.40 - Epilepsy Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.41 - Epilepsy Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.42 - Epilepsy Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
649.43 - Epilepsy Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.44 - Epilepsy Complicating Pregnancy, Childbirth, or the Puerperium, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.50 - Spotting Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.51 - Spotting Complicating Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.53 - Spotting Complicating Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.60 - Uterine Size Date Discrepancy Complicating Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
649.61 - Uterine Size Date Discrepancy Complicating Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
649.62 - Uterine Size Date Discrepancy Complicating Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Condition
649.63 - Uterine Size Date Discrepancy Complicating Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
649.64 - Uterine Size Date Discrepancy Complicating Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
649.70 - Cervical shortening, unspecified as to episode of care or not applicable
649.71 - Cervical shortening, delivered, with or without mention of antepartum condition
649.73 - Cervical shortening, antepartum condition or complication
649.81 - Onset (spontaneous) of labor after 37 completed weeks of gestation but before 39 completed weeks gestation, with delivery by (planned) cesarean section, delivered, with or without mention of antepartum condition
649.82 - Onset (spontaneous) of labor after 37 completed weeks of gestation but before 39 completed weeks gestation, with delivery by (planned) cesarean section, delivered, with mention of postpartum complication
671.00 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Legs in Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.01 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Legs in Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.02 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Legs in Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.03 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Legs in Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.04 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium Varicose Veins of Legs in Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
671.10 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Vulva and Perineum in Pregnancy, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.11 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Vulva and Perineum in Pregnancy, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.12 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Vulva and Perineum in Pregnancy, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.13 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Vulva and Perineum in Pregnancy, Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.14 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Varicose Veins of Vulva and Perineum in Pregnancy, Postpartum Condition or Complication
671.20 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Superficial Thrombophlebitis; Thrombophlebitis (Superficial), Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.21 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Superficial Thrombophlebitis; Thrombophlebitis (Superficial), Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.22 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Superficial Thrombophlebitis; Thrombophlebitis (Superficial), Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.23 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Superficial Thrombophlebitis; Thrombophlebitis (Superficial), Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.24 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Superficial Thrombophlebitis; Thrombophlebitis (Superficial), Postpartum Condition or Complication
671.30 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Deep Phlebothrombosis, Antepartum; Deep-vein Thrombosis, Antepartum, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.31 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Deep Phlebothrombosis, Antepartum; Deep-vein Thrombosis, Antepartum, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.33 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Deep Phlebothrombosis, Antepartum; Deep-vein Thrombosis, Antepartum, Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.40 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Deep Phlebothrombosis, Postpartum; Deep-vein Thrombosis, Postpartum; Pelvic Thrombophlebitis, Postpartum; Phlegmasia Alba Dolens, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.42 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Deep Phlebothrombosis, Postpartum; Deep-vein Thrombosis, Postpartum; Pelvic Thrombophlebitis, Postpartum; Phlegmasia Alba Dolens, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.44 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Deep Phlebothrombosis, Postpartum; Deep-vein Thrombosis, Postpartum; Pelvic Thrombophlebitis, Postpartum; Phlegmasia Alba Dolens, Postpartum Condition or Complication
671.50 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Phlebitis and Thrombosis; Cerebral Venous Thrombosis; Thrombosis of Intracranial Venous Sinus, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.51 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Phlebitis and Thrombosis; Cerebral Venous Thrombosis; Thrombosis of Intracranial Venous Sinus, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.52 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Phlebitis and Thrombosis; Cerebral Venous Thrombosis; Thrombosis of Intracranial Venous Sinus, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.53 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Phlebitis and Thrombosis; Cerebral Venous Thrombosis; Thrombosis of Intracranial Venous Sinus, Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.54 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Phlebitis and Thrombosis; Cerebral Venous Thrombosis; Thrombosis of Intracranial Venous Sinus, Postpartum Condition or Complication
671.80 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Venous Complications; Hemorrhoids, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.81 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Venous Complications; Hemorrhoids, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.82 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Venous Complications; Hemorrhoids, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.83 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Venous Complications; Hemorrhoids, Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.84 - Venous Complications in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, Other Venous Complications; Hemorrhoids, Postpartum Condition or Complication
671.90 - Venous Complication in Pregnancy, Unspecified, Unspecified as to Episode of Care or Not Applicable
671.91 - Venous Complication in Pregnancy, Unspecified, Delivered, with or without Mention of Antepartum Condition
671.92 - Venous Complication in Pregnancy, Unspecified, Delivered, with Mention of Postpartum Complication
671.93 - Venous Complication in Pregnancy, Unspecified, Antepartum Condition or Complication
671.94 - Venous Complication in Pregnancy, Unspecified, Postpartum Condition or Complication
V23.0 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Pregnancy with history of infertility
V23.1 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Pregnancy with history of trophoblastic disease; hydatidiform mole; vesicular mole
V23.2 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Pregnancy with history of abortion
V23.3 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Grand multiparity
V23.41 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Pregnancy with history of pre-term labor
V23.49 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Pregnancy with other poor obstetric history
V23.5 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Pregnancy with other poor reproductive history; Pregnancy with history of stillbirth or neonatal death
V23.7 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Insufficient prenatal care; History of little or no prenatal care
V23.81 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Elderly primigravida; First pregnancy in a woman who will be 35 years of age or older at expected date of delivery
V23.82 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Elderly multigravida; Second or more pregnancy in a woman who will be 35 years of age or older at expected date of delivery
V23.83 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Young primigravida; First pregnancy in a female less than 16 years old at expected date of delivery
V23.84 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Young multigravida; Second or more pregnancy in a female less than 16 years old at expected date of delivery
V23.89 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Other
V23.9 - Supervision of High-risk Pregnancy, Unspecified

Related Terms

  • Abnormal Pregnancy
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Toxemia

Overview

A normal pregnancy involves the presence of a developing embryo or fetus in the uterus as a result of the union of an ovum and spermatozoon. The length of a normal pregnancy averages 270 days from fertilization but may be counted from the first day of menses prior to conception, or approximately 284 days. Complications of pregnancy can be related to maternal health status or medical complications of the pregnancy itself, including complications associated with pregnancies that exceed 37 weeks.

During pregnancy, a broad range of complications may occur. The growth and development of the fetus is affected by the mother's age at the time of pregnancy, nutritional status, habits (diet, drug use, alcohol consumption, or cigarette smoking), medical conditions, and prenatal care. A pregnancy with complications may be affected by preexisting disease conditions of the mother. Disease conditions that are secondary to the pregnancy may present during the gestational period, or the pregnancy may terminate. The mother may also have a history of one or several complicated pregnancies and/or other risk factors.

Insomnia can be a minor complication of a normal pregnancy, causing fatigue in the pregnant woman. Starting from the first trimester, many pregnant women have sleep difficulty that leads to fatigue and exhaustion, and these symptoms may increase as the pregnancy progresses, because of more frequent urination from the baby pressing on the bladder. In the first trimester, hormones like estrogen and progesterone are elevated, and estrogen causes a decline in REM sleep. Other hormones that are altered by pregnancy and can contribute to insomnia are oxytocin, cortisol, melatonin, and prolactin. Conditions such as restless leg syndrome (an uncomfortable feeling in the lower extremity at bedtime that gets better when the patient moves) and sleep apnea can plague pregnant women and keep them awake at night.

Maternal depression can be a factor in any trimester of pregnancy, as well as the more commonly recognized postpartum depression. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have estimated that at least half, if not more, women who were treated for postpartum depression were also depressed during pregnancy ("Maternal").

Maternal obesity is associated with development of complications of pregnancy, including a higher rate of cesarean delivery, macrosomia, gestational high blood pressure, and a higher incidence of birth defects and fetal death. Studies also show that women who deliver beyond the normal 37 weeks of pregnancy are more likely to experience maternal complications (Caughey). Post-term pregnancy is defined as one that continues beyond 294 days or 42 weeks. The maternal and fetal complications that may occur with increased gestational age include pre-eclampsia, macrosomia, meconium aspiration syndrome, fetal birth injury, fetal distress in labor, and necessity of cesarean delivery.

Specific medical complications of pregnancy are discussed separately. See Abruptio Placentae; Anemia Complicating Pregnancy; Cardiovascular Disease in Pregnancy; Ectopic Pregnancy; Gestational Diabetes; Hydatidiform Mole; Hyperemesis Gravidarum; Miscarriage; Placenta Accreta; Placenta Previa; Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia; Pregnancy, Multiple Gestation; Pregnancy, Normal; Premature Labor; Premature Rupture of Membranes; Rh Incompatibility; and Threatened Abortion, for specific information on disability duration.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor



References

Cited

"Maternal and Infant Health Research: Pregnancy Complications." CDC. 13 May. 2009. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 18 Sep. 2009 <http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/PregComplications.htm>.

Caughey, Aaron B., et al. "Maternal and Obstetric Complications of Pregnancy Are Associated with Increasing Gestational Age at Term." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 196 2 (2007): E1-6.

Moline, M., et al. "Sleep in Women Across the Life Cycle From Adulthood Through Menopause." Sleep Medical Reviews 7 2 (2003): 155-177.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor