Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Esophageal Strictures


Related Terms

  • Peptic Stricture

Differential Diagnosis

  • Abnormal tissue growth in the esophagus (esophageal cancer)
  • Inability of the muscles in the lower esophagus to relax (achalasia)

Specialists

  • Gastroenterologist
  • General Surgeon

Factors Influencing Duration

Length of disability may be influenced by the age and physical condition of the individual or the presence of other medical conditions that may aggravate the condition, such as reflux esophagitis.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
530.3 - Stricture and Stenosis of Esophagus, Compression of Esophagus, Obstruction of Esophagus

Overview

Esophageal stricture is a narrowing of the tube (esophagus) that connects the throat to the stomach.

The narrowing may be due to conditions in which the normal surface tissue (mucosa) of the esophagus is replaced by scar tissue or to abnormal tissue growth (cancer).

A major risk factor for the development of esophageal stricture is when stomach content flows back up into the esophagus (also called gastroesophageal reflux disease [GERD] or reflux esophagitis), which causes constant irritation and swelling. Eventually, scar tissue that can narrow the esophagus forms. Other risk factors include Schatzki's ring, radiation therapy, eosinophilic esophagitis, esophageal cancer (ASGE), or the prolonged use of nasal-gastric feeding tubes or the accidental or deliberate swallowing of strong acid or base. Esophageal strictures may also occur after surgery on the stomach or esophagus (gastroesophageal surgery) or after a procedure in which swollen veins at the bottom of the esophagus are obliterated by injection of an irritating solution (sclerotherapy for esophageal varices).

Incidence and Prevalence: Esophageal strictures develop in about 8% of individuals with GERD (Lassen). Among those with esophageal strictures, the eventual diagnosis of esophageal cancer is 4 times higher compared to those with unspecified esophagitis (Lassen).

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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