Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Fracture, Ankle


Related Terms

  • Ankle Fracture
  • Bimalleolar Fracture
  • Broken Ankle
  • Distal Fibular Fracture
  • Distal Tibia Fracture
  • Fracture of the Lateral Malleolus
  • Fracture of the Medial Malleolus
  • Fracture of the Posterior Malleolus
  • Lateral Malleolus Fracture
  • Malleolar Fracture
  • Medial Malleolus Fracture
  • Posterior Malleolar Fracture
  • Tibia Distal Fibular Injury
  • Trimalleolar Fracture

Differential Diagnosis

Specialists

  • Orthopedic (Orthopaedic) Surgeon
  • Physiatrist (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist)
  • Physical Therapist
  • Sports Medicine Physician

Factors Influencing Duration

Factors that influence the length of disability include the individual's age, general health, severity of the fracture, concomitant ligament injury, degree of mobility, amount of weight bearing allowed, response to treatment, and job requirements. Associated fractures or injuries of the other lower limb or either upper limb may limit the individual's ability to use assistive devices for ambulation and require prolonged use of a wheelchair.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
824.0 - Closed Fracture of Medial Malleolus: Closed Fracture of Tibia Involving Ankle, Malleolus
824.1 - Open Fracture of Medial Malleolus
824.2 - Closed Fracture of Lateral Malleolus
824.3 - Open Fracture of Lateral Malleolus
824.4 - Closed Bimalleolar Fracture; Potts Fracture
824.5 - Open Bimalleolar Fracture
824.6 - Closed Trimalleolar Fracture
824.7 - Open Trimalleolar Fracture
824.8 - Closed Fracture of Ankle, Unspecified
824.9 - Open Fracture of Ankle, Unspecified

Rehabilitation

The duration of treatment of an ankle fracture is related to the associated soft tissue involvement, location and type of fracture (Chapman). The main focus of rehabilitation should emphasize restoring full range of motion, strength, proprioception and endurance while maintaining independence in all activities of daily living (Osborne). Resumption of pre-injury status is the goal with consideration of any residual deficit. Appropriate early mobilization of the ankle joint hastens recovery; however, protocols for initial rehabilitation must be based upon stability of the fracture and fracture management (operative, nonoperative).

The goal of rehabilitation is to decrease pain and restore full function, with a painless mobile ankle. Local cold application may be beneficial for controlling pain and edema (Mora). Individuals should be encouraged to continue functional activities to prevent complications of inactivity and bed rest. Gait training using appropriate assistive devices is indicated to promote independent ambulation (Osborne). Individuals may progress from walker to crutches to cane based on ability and weight bearing status. If casted, range of motion exercises of the adjacent joints may be beneficial unless contraindicated based on fracture stability. After cast removal, range of motion, proprioceptive, and strengthening exercises should be started at the ankle (Osborne). For some cases with significant ligament damage, recovery may be more rapid with functional rehabilitation than 2 weeks of cast immobilization (Karlsson). Walking early during the immobilization period or use of a removable brace may improve ankle movement and encourage earlier return to activities. Passive movement therapy may benefit some individuals (Lin). Exercise intensity and difficulty should be progressed until full function is evident. Edema is a common problem and may be controlled using modalities such as cold packs and compressive wrapping. If operatively managed, the rehabilitation protocol will be directed by the treating physician.

Bone healing may occur within 6 to 12 weeks; however, the bone strength and the ability of the bone to sustain a heavy load may take up to 1 year. Once healing has occurred, the individual may resume full activities of daily living. It is important to instruct the individual not to overload the fracture site until the bone has regained its full strength. The resumption of heavy work and sports should be guided by the treating physician.

FREQUENCY OF REHABILITATION VISITS
Nonsurgical
SpecialistFracture, Ankle
Physical TherapistUp to 20 visits within 10 weeks
Surgical
SpecialistFracture, Ankle
Physical TherapistUp to 16 visits within 8 weeks
Note on Nonsurgical Guidelines: Rehabilitation may not begin until tissue healing, about 6 to 8 weeks after the fracture.
The table above represents a range of the usual acceptable number of visits for uncomplicated cases. It provides a framework based on the duration of tissue healing time and standard clinical practice.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






Feedback
Send us comments, suggestions, corrections, or anything you would like us to hear. If you are not logged in, you must include your email address, in order for us to respond. We cannot, unfortunately, respond to every comment. If you are seeking medical advice, please contact your physician. Thank you!
Send this comment to:
Sales Customer Support Content Development
 
This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is published with the understanding that the author, editors, and publisher are not engaged in rendering medical, legal, accounting or other professional service. If medical, legal, or other expert assistance is required, the service of a competent professional should be sought. We are unable to respond to requests for advice. Any Sales inquiries should include an email address or other means of communication.