Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Fracture, Tibia or Fibula


Related Terms

  • Broken Leg
  • Leg Fracture

Differential Diagnosis

Specialists

  • Emergency Medicine Physician
  • Orthopedic (Orthopaedic) Surgeon
  • Physical Therapist
  • Vascular Surgeon

Factors Influencing Duration

The severity of the fracture (i.e., open or closed, simple or comminuted, stable or displaced) and the treatment required (i.e., closed reduction and a cast versus surgery and internal/external fixation) will affect disability. The age of the individual and any comorbid conditions and/or complications may also affect disability. Individuals with uncomplicated fractures who are employed in sedentary jobs may return to work after about a week, but individuals with complicated fractures employed in jobs requiring physical labor or mobility may need 3 to 6 months for complete healing.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
823.00 - Closed Fracture of Upper End of Tibia Alone
823.01 - Closed Fracture of Upper End of Fibula Alone
823.02 - Closed Fracture of Upper End of Fibula with Tibia
823.10 - Open Fracture of Upper End of Tibia Alone
823.11 - Open Fracture of Upper End of Fibula Alone
823.12 - Open Fracture of Upper End of Fibula with Tibia
823.20 - Closed Fracture of Shaft of Tibia Alone
823.21 - Closed Fracture of Shaft of Fibula Alone
823.22 - Closed Fracture of Shaft of Fibula with Tibia
823.30 - Open Fracture of Shaft of Tibia Alone
823.31 - Open Fracture of Shaft of Fibula Alone
823.32 - Open Fracture of Shaft of Fibula with Tibia
823.80 - Closed Fracture of Tibia Alone, Unspecified Part
823.81 - Closed Fracture of Fibula Alone, Unspecified Part
823.82 - Closed Fracture of Fibula with Tibia, Unspecified Part
823.90 - Open Fracture of Tibia Alone, Unspecified Part
823.91 - Open Fracture of Fibula Alone, Unspecified Part
823.92 - Open Fracture of Fibula with Tibia, Unspecified Part

Rehabilitation

The rehabilitation will be determined by the severity, location and type of fracture, how the fracture is stabilized (operative, nonoperative) and the length of immobilization. Simple midshaft tibial stress fractures may be immobilized with an orthotic boot (Dugan) or pneumatic brace during rehabilitation (Rome).

The goal of rehabilitation is to decrease pain and restore full function to the lower limb. Modalities such as heat and cold can be used to control pain and edema (Braddom). Rehabilitation emphasizes restoring full range of motion, strength, proprioception, and endurance of all adjacent joints while maintaining independence in all activities of daily living, if not contraindicated by the stability of the fracture. Gait training using appropriate assistive devices is indicated to promote independent ambulation. The individual may progress from walker to crutches to cane based on ability and weight bearing status. If casted, range of motion exercises of the adjacent joints may be beneficial unless contraindicated based on fracture stability. After cast removal, range of motion, proprioceptive activities, and strengthening exercises of the involved limb should be started (Bucholz). Exercise intensity and difficulty should be progressed until full function is achieved, and the individual should be instructed in a home exercise program to be performed independently.

If operatively managed, the protocol of rehabilitation will be guided by the treating physician.

Bone healing may occur within 6 to 16 weeks; however, return of full bone strength and the ability of the bone to sustain a heavy load may take up to a year (Chapman). Once healing has occurred, the individual may resume activities of daily living. It is important to instruct the individual not to overload the fracture site until the bone has regained its full strength. The resumption of heavy work and sports should be guided by the treating physician.

FREQUENCY OF REHABILITATION VISITS
Nonsurgical
SpecialistFracture, Tibia or Fibula
Physical TherapistUp to 20 visits within 8 weeks
Surgical
SpecialistFracture, Tibia or Fibula
Physical TherapistUp to 16 visits within 8 weeks
Note on Nonsurgical Guidelines: Rehabilitation may not begin until tissue healing, about 6 to 8 weeks after the fracture.
The table above represents a range of the usual acceptable number of visits for uncomplicated cases. It provides a framework based on the duration of tissue healing time and standard clinical practice.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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