Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.


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Job Titles (381 Codes)

ICE CREAM FREEZER ASSISTANT (dairy products) alternate titles: freezer assistantAssists FREEZER OPERATOR (dairy products) to freeze and package ice cream, performing any combination of following tasks: Pours cans of fruit into sieve to separate juice. Places cans of chocolate coa
ICE CUTTER (food prep., nec)Tends machines that crush, shave, cut, or cube ice: Pulls blocks of ice into working area with tongs, and breaks ice into chunks, using ice pick or pronged bar. Feeds ice into hoppers of crushing or s
ICE MAKER (food prep., nec)Tends refrigerating equipment that freezes water into ice, performing any combination of following tasks: Opens valves to fill containers with specified amounts of water, and lowers containers into fr
ICE MAKER, SKATING RINK (amuse. & rec.)Prepares floor for use as ice-skating rink and removes ice after use: Sprays floor of rink (which has been chilled by ammonia pipes), using water hose, to obtain ice layer of specified thickness. Skat
ICE-CREAM CHEF (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cook, frozen dessert; cook, ice creamMixes, cooks, and freezes ingredients to make frozen desserts, such as sherbets, ice cream, and custards: Measures and cooks ingredients for frozen desserts, according to recipes. Pours mixed ingredie
ICER (wholesale tr.) alternate titles: top icerDeposits layer of crushed ice on fresh food products packed in barrels, boxes, or crates, to refrigerate them during shipment: Scrapes off surplus ice and passes crate along conveyor system, slides cr
ICER, HAND (bakery products) alternate titles: decorator; finisher; froster; icing spreaderCovers baked goods with icing, frosting, or glaze by hand: Spreads icing evenly over surface of solid baked goods, using spatula. Builds up layer cakes by spreading icing or filling between layers and
ICER, MACHINE (bakery products) alternate titles: finisher, machine; froster, machine; icing-machine operatorTends machine that coats baked products with premixed icing: Loads machine hopper with icing, using scoop. Starts machine and places products to be iced on conveyor. Turns valve on hopper to regulate
ICICLE-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)Operates machine to form, fill, and seal tubelike cellophane container with flavored sweet water to make icicle: Adds flavor extract to sweet water in tank according to formula. Connects hose lines fr
ICING MIXER (bakery products) alternate titles: filler mixerTends equipment that mixes ingredients for icing or filling bakery products: Weighs and measures ingredients, such as sugar, chocolate, food coloring, and pulped or ground fruit or nuts, according to
IDENTIFICATION CLERK (clerical) alternate titles: security clerkCompiles and records personal data about civilian workers, vendors, contractors, military personnel, and dependents of military personnel at defense installation and prepares badges, passes, and ident
IDENTIFICATION CLERK (government ser.)Performs any combination of following duties to compile and transmit records, relay information, microfilm documents, and take and classify fingerprints in police agency: Retrieves and prints copies o
IDENTIFICATION OFFICER (government ser.)Collects, analyzes, classifies and photographs physical evidence and fingerprints to identify criminals: Searches for evidence and dusts surfaces to reveal latent fingerprints. Photographs crime site
IDENTIFIER, HORSE (amuse. & rec.)Verifies identification of horses at receiving barn of racetrack: Checks identifying features, such as tattooed registration number on lip and physical appearance with official records and photographs
IGNITER CAPPER (ordnance)Ties protective cotton cap over igniter end of propellant charge. Ties tag containing identifying data to charge. GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77
ILLUMINATING ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)Designs and directs installation of illuminating equipment and systems for buildings, plants, streets, stadia, tunnels, and outdoor displays: Studies lighting requirements of client to determine light
ILLUSTRATOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: artist; commercial artist; graphic artistDraws or paints illustrations for use by various media to explain or adorn printed or spoken word: Studies layouts, sketches of proposed illustrations, and related materials to become familiar with as
ILLUSTRATOR, MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: artist, scientificCreates illustrations, graphics, and three dimensional models to demonstrate medical or biological subjects, using variety of artistic techniques: Develops drawings, paintings, diagrams, and models of
ILLUSTRATOR, SET (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: sketch makerPlans, develops, and prepares illustrations of scenes and backgrounds against which action is filmed for use in motion picture or television production: Reads script, reviews working drawings, conduct
IMMIGRATION INSPECTOR (government ser.)Regulates entry of persons into United States at designated port of entry in accordance with immigration laws: Examines applications, visas, and passports and interviews persons to determine eligibili
IMMUNOHEMATOLOGIST (medical ser.)Performs immunohematology tests, recommends blood problem solutions to doctors, and serves as consultant to blood bank and community: Visually inspects blood in specimen tubes for hemolysis. Centrifug
IMPERSONATOR (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: imitator; mimicEntertains by impersonating another person, or type of person, or animal, or some inanimate object, usually by copying mannerisms, form, expression, dress, voice, or sound of character or thing impers
IMPERSONATOR, CHARACTER (any industry)Impersonates traditional holiday or storybook characters, such as Santa Claus, Snow White, and the Three Little Pigs, to promote sales activity in retail stores, at conventions or exhibits, and to amu
IMPORT-EXPORT AGENT (any industry) alternate titles: foreign agentCoordinates activities of international traffic division of import-export agency and negotiates settlements between foreign and domestic shippers: Plans and directs flow of air and surface traffic mov
IMPREGNATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (metal prod., nec) alternate titles: asphalt-machine operatorSets up and operates machine to saturate wire-reinforced paper, used as plaster lath, with oil, wax, or asphalt: Loads wire-reinforced paper roll onto unreeling stand, using power hoist or crane. Thre
IMPREGNATING-TANK OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: coating-machine operator; insulating-machine operator; paint-coating-machine operator; sizing-machine operatorTends machines that coat continuous rolls of wire, strips, or sheets with wax, paint, rubber, asphalt, or other coating material: Places roll of material onto feed spindle of machine. Threads end thro
IMPREGNATION OPERATOR (paper goods)Tends machines that impregnate fiber tubing, pipe, or conduit with pitch: Loads items into treatment tank with hoist and closes tank lid. Presses button to start pumps that circulate pitch in tank. Tu
IMPREGNATOR (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.)Tends vacuum or pressure tank that impregnates powdered-metal parts with lubricating oil or molten plastic: Pours impregnating material into tank. Sets controls of heating unit to attain specified tem
IMPREGNATOR (pen & pencil)Tends equipment that impregnates wooden pencil slats with dye, oil, and wax to color and soften slats: Places bundles of slats in cylinder and closes door. Turns bolts to secure cylinder door, using w
IMPREGNATOR AND DRIER (elec. equip.; electron. comp.)Controls equipment such as tanks, vats, ovens, and retorts, to impregnate, dry, or bake insulating, preserving, sealing, or other materials into or onto electrical or electronic components, according
IMPREGNATOR OPERATOR (chemical) alternate titles: catalyst impregnatorTends tank in which catalytic material is impregnated with liquid chemicals for use in manufacturing butadiene: Weighs specified quantity of catalyst and dumps it into tank containing measured amounts
IMPREGNATOR-AND-DRIER HELPER (elec. equip.; light. fix.) alternate titles: impregnating helperAssists IMPREGNATOR AND DRIER (elec. equip.) in impregnating electrical products, such as capacitors, coils, and stators, performing any of the following duties: Loads capacitors into ovens, using hoi
INCINERATOR OPERATOR I (sanitary ser.)Tends one or more incinerator furnaces that burn refuse, such as sludge, trash, and garbage: Pulls mechanism to release refuse from hopper into incinerator. Moves levers to ignite burners, to adjust b
INCINERATOR OPERATOR II (sanitary ser.)Controls operation of multiple-hearth incinerator furnaces and related equipment to burn sludge in wastewater treatment plant: Pushes buttons and turns valves to ignite burners, release combustion air
INCINERATOR PLANT LABORER (sanitary ser.)Signals GARBAGE COLLECTOR DRIVER (motor trans.) 905.663-010 to dump refuse in specific area of collection pit to maintain even distribution of refuse, using hand. Cleans spills from floor of receiving
INCINERATOR-PLANT-GENERAL SUPERVISOR (sanitary ser.)Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating one or more incinerator plants: Schedules work and assigns crews to shifts or plants. Plans routine for receiving and incinerating
INCISING-MACHINE OPERATOR (wood prod., nec) alternate titles: perforating-machine operatorOperates machine to perforate wood products, such as timbers, ties, or poles, to facilitate penetration of wood preservatives: Installs knife-studded incising rollers in machine and sets roller stops
INCOMING-FREIGHT CLERK (water trans.) alternate titles: storage-wharfage clerkCompiles documents on incoming cargo shipments to expedite removal of cargo from dock and prepares bill for shipping charges: Examines ship's manifest and bills of lading to determine work procedures
INDUCTION-COORDINATION POWER ENGINEER (utilities)Investigates and eliminates inductive interference by power transmission systems in telephones and radio receivers: Conducts technical investigations relating to inductive-coordination problems, inclu
INDUCTION-MACHINE OPERATOR (heat treating) alternate titles: electronic induction hardenerTends electronic induction machine, according to set procedures, to harden, braze, or anneal metal objects: Positions and fastens part in fixture of machine. Presses button on control panel to start e
INDUCTION-MACHINE SETTER (heat treating)Sets up variety of induction machines for INDUCTION-MACHINE OPERATORS (heat treating) to heattreat metal objects according to specifications: Reads work order to determine size and grade of workpiece
INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER (profess. & kin.)Originates and develops ideas to design the form of manufactured products: Reads publications, attends showings, and consults with engineering, marketing, production, and sales representatives to esta
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)Plans utilization of facilities, equipment, materials, and personnel to improve efficiency of operations: Studies functional statements, organization charts, and project information to determine funct
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.)Studies and records time, motion, methods, and speed involved in performance of maintenance, production, clerical, and other worker operations to establish standard production rate and to improve effi
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST (profess. & kin.)Conducts health program in industrial plant or governmental organization to recognize, eliminate, and control occupational health hazards and diseases: Collects samples of dust, gases, vapors, and oth
INDUSTRIAL THERAPIST (medical ser.)Arranges salaried, productive employment in actual work environment for mentally ill patients, to enable patients to perform medically prescribed work activities, and to motivate and prepare patients
INDUSTRIAL-GAS FITTER (utilities) alternate titles: industrial servicerInstalls gas-heating units in industrial boilers, and rebuilds firebox of coal-burning boilers to utilize gas, following blueprints and written specifications: Dismantles old firebox and removes obstr
INDUSTRIAL-GAS SERVICER (utilities)Tests, repairs, and adjusts all types of industrial gas equipment, including control mechanisms, such as thermostats, high-temperature-limit controls, solenoid valves, safety pilots, and various other
INDUSTRIAL-GAS-SERVICER HELPER (utilities)Assists in testing, repairing, and installing gas equipment, domestic gas appliances, and gas meters: Cuts, threads, and joins pipe as directed, using handtools. Brushes soap solution over connections
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