Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Osteoporosis


Related Terms

  • Brittle Bone Disease

Differential Diagnosis

Specialists

  • Emergency Medicine Physician
  • Endocrinologist
  • Family Physician
  • Gynecologist
  • Internal Medicine Physician
  • Nephrologist
  • Orthopedic (Orthopaedic) Surgeon
  • Physiatrist (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist)
  • Rheumatologist

Comorbid Conditions

Factors Influencing Duration

Site of fracture (e.g., hip, wrist, etc), type and treatment of fracture, underlying medical conditions, and job requirements will affect the disability period. Individuals diagnosed with osteoporosis are not generally disabled. Treatment of fractures and any underlying disease could create a disability period ranging from several days to permanent disability. Poor physical functioning is related to increased number of fractures and delayed recovery. Length of disability is influenced by the time required for the fracture to heal and job demands. Fractures in younger individuals generally heal faster.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
733.00 - Osteoporosis, Unspecified
733.01 - Senile Osteoporosis; Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
733.02 - Idiopathic Osteoporosis
733.03 - Disuse Osteoporosis
733.09 - Osteoporosis, Other; Drug-induced Osteoporosis

Prognosis

There is no single treatment or cure for osteoporosis, although drug therapies are available that slow bone deterioration and increase bone density. Increased bone density reduces risk of fracture and associated pain. Newer therapies substantially decrease the risk of certain fractures from osteoporosis. Prevention is critical in those individuals who are at high-risk.

Recovery from fractures in individuals with osteoporosis can be slow and fraught with complications, leading to a poor outcome. Osteoporosis leads to approximately 1.5 million fractures per year, 70% of which occur in women (Weppner). Among women who have had a fracture of the hip, about 50% will stay in nursing homes during the recovery period, and 14% of all individuals with hip fractures will still be in a nursing home 1 year or longer after the fracture occurred (Jacobs-Kosmin). Only 33% of all individuals who have sustained an osteoporotic fracture return to their pre-fracture level of activity and function (Jacobs-Kosmin). Twenty percent of women and 30% to 50% of men who have sustained a hip fracture secondary to osteoporosis die within 1 year of the fracture (Moyad).

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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