Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder


Related Terms

  • Negative Personality Disorder

Differential Diagnosis

Specialists

  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Psychiatrist

Comorbid Conditions

Factors Influencing Duration

The progress and effectiveness of psychotherapy and the individual's level of functioning all affect the length of disability. Instability associated with the failure of support systems will lengthen disability. Substance abuse, suicidal gestures, and coexisting depression and anxiety can prolong recovery.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
301.84 - Passive-aggressive Personality Disorder

Overview

The catchword for this personality disorder is "ambivalence." Persons with this disorder have been referred to as "negativistic personalities" because of their underlying aggression, which is expressed passively. Individuals with this disorder display covert obstructionism, procrastination, stubbornness, and inefficiency. They tend to be constantly complaining, sulky, pessimistic, and unaccommodating. They find themselves in dependent relationships, yet resist demands for adequate performance, find excuses for delays, and find fault with those on whom they depend.

They usually lack assertiveness by failing to express their needs and wishes directly, and they often fail to ask needed questions to discover what is expected of them. They are generally pessimistic about the future, and lack self-confidence. In relationships, they often get others to do their errands and chores and tend to dampen everyone's spirits.

Individuals with passive-aggressive personality disorder may be irritable or even agitated, with low frustration tolerance and vacillating moods changing in rapid succession. They seem fidgety and impatient with others, and their moods of excitement and cheerfulness are usually short-lived. They often feel discontented, mistreated, cheated, and unappreciated and tend to see themselves as victims of circumstance. Although they are often aware of solutions to their problems, they are unwilling to implement them. They resent being criticized but often find fault with those in authority.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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