|Once potential medical causes underlying psychosexual disorders are ruled out, sex therapy may be helpful if the individual is involved in a relationship. Both members of the relationship are treated simultaneously. Sex therapy may be combined with supportive psychotherapy either individually or with the couple. Behavioral therapy may also involve desensitization and assertiveness training. Hypnotherapy may be helpful, focusing on the distressing symptoms. Group therapy can help support those with guilt, shame, or anxiety concerning a sexual problem. Family and marital therapy can be helpful.|
Androgen blockers can be useful for sexual perversions such as pedophilia or exhibitionism. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used for sexual perversions including voyeurism, exhibitionism, pedophilia, frotteurism, and also for rapists. Estrogen, progesterone, and anti-androgens are given for compulsive sexual behavior in men. Behavior therapy is also used in sexual perversions and cognitive therapy addresses self-beliefs that sex leads to deviant behavior. Peer groups such as Sex Addicts Anonymous can be helpful. Psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis are not usually effective.
Gender identity disorders can be treated with hormone therapy and sex change surgery to help the individual physically resemble the opposite sex. These measures are generally taken only after rigorous psychological evaluation.
Source: Medical Disability Advisor