Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Job Classification

In most duration tables, five job classifications are displayed. These job classifications are based on the amount of physical effort required to perform the work. The classifications correspond to the Strength Factor classifications described in the United States Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The following definitions are quoted directly from that publication.

Sedentary Work Exerting up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force occasionally and/or a negligible amount of force frequently or constantly to lift, carry, push, pull, or otherwise move objects, including the human body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required only occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Light Work Exerting up to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force occasionally and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of force frequently, and/or negligible amount of force constantly to move objects. Physical demand requirements are in excess of those for Sedentary Work. Light Work usually requires walking or standing to a significant degree. However, if the use of the arm and/or leg controls requires exertion of forces greater than that for Sedentary Work and the worker sits most the time, the job is rated Light Work.

Medium Work Exerting up to 50 (22.7 kg) pounds of force occasionally, and/or up to 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of force frequently, and/or up to 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of forces constantly to move objects.

Heavy Work Exerting up to 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or up to 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Very Heavy Work Exerting in excess of 100 pounds (45.4 kg) of force occasionally, and/or in excess of 50 pounds (22.7 kg) of force frequently, and/or in excess of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) of force constantly to move objects.

Traction

traction in العربية (المملكة العربية السعودية)

Specialists

  • Neurologist
  • Neurosurgeon
  • Orthopedic (Orthopaedic) Surgeon
  • Physiatrist (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist)
  • Physical Therapist
  • Rheumatologist

Comorbid Conditions

  • Circulatory disorders (e.g., varicose veins)
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Skin conditions

Factors Influencing Duration

The length of disability depends on whether the traction is an intermittent therapy used at home or in a physical therapy office or if it is part of long-term treatment in a hospital setting.

Medical Codes

ICD-9-CM:
93.41 - Spinal Traction Using Skull Device; Traction Using: Caliper Tongs, Crutchfield Tongs, Halo Device, Vinke Tongs
93.42 - Spinal Traction, Other
93.43 - Skeletal Traction, Intermittent
93.44 - Skeletal Traction, Other; Bryants Traction; Dunlops Traction; Lyman Smith Traction; Russells Traction
93.45 - Thomas Splint Traction
93.46 - Skin Traction of Limbs, Other; Adhesive Tape Traction; Boot Traction; Bucks Traction; Gallows Traction

Complications

The main complications with skin traction occur when the traction is applied incorrectly. If traction wrappings are too tight, the nerves and blood vessels can be impaired. Traction wrappings around bony prominences can cause skin pressure sores (lesions). Skin straps may slip resulting in skin injury. Infection can occur around the pins or wires used for skeletal traction. Bone inflammation can occur as a response to a foreign material introduced in the body (skeletal traction). Excessive joint separation (overdistraction) can occur if the traction weight is too great. Overdistraction can cause nerve damage. Prolonged bed rest associated with long-term traction can lead to blood clots (deep vein thrombosis), bedsores, lung compromise, and urinary tract infections. Inversion traction can cause heartburn (reflux), headaches, overstretching of facet joints (hyperextension), and a ruptured aneurysm of the cerebral artery (berry aneurysm). Long-term traction can have a negative emotional effect on the individual. Traction can also cause joint stiffness.

Source: Medical Disability Advisor






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